Avoid Single-Use Plastic and Save The Environment

Avoid Single-Use Plastic and Save The Environment

Research shows the effects plastic has on the Earth as well as on humans.

Single use plastics represent the epitome of today’s throwaway culture. According to 2018 U.N Environment report defines single use plastics as “items intended to be used only once before they are thrown away or recycled.”

Examples of single-use plastic include:

  • plastic forks and knives

  • plastic shopping bags

  • plastic straws

  • plastic water bottles

  • Styrofoam and plastic take out containers

Research shows the effects plastic has on the Earth as well as on humans. It can take up to thousands of years for plastic bags and Styrofoam containers to decompose. In the meantime, it contaminates our soil and water. The toxic chemicals used to manufacture plastic such as benzene and vinyl hydrochloride gets transferred to animal tissue, eventually entering the human food chain. Styrofoam products are toxic if ingested and can damage nervous systems, lungs and reproductive organs.Thousands of seabirds and many other marine mammals are killed after ingesting plastic and getting entangled in it every year. Plastic items like bags and straws choke wildlife and block animals’ stomachs. Turtles and dolphins, for example, often mistake plastic bags for food. On World Environment Day- June 5th, 2019,at school I happened to watch a video of a sea turtle with a plastic straw stuck in its nostril which quivered me. As a result, I voiced my family to reduce the usage of all kinds of plastics or to start recycling them.

Avoid Single-Use Plastic and Save The Environment
Plastic coming from take-out and convenience food littering the ocean: Study

The well –known terminologies “REDUCE, REUSE, RECYCLE”should be the motto of every human being when using plastic. The hierarchical order of the 3 R’s are as follows:


The most effective way to reduce plastic pollution is to not create plastics in the first place. Reduce and refuse! Surely it is good to recycle plastics after use, but it is better not to use them as the first option. Our decision to avoid using plastic might be a little thought but the consequence of it gives way to save the environment.


Knowingly or unknowingly, none of us can pass through a day without using plastic. Once we have decided to drink water in a beautifully designed plastic cup, then we are bound to reuse it for some other purpose like sprouting pulses which turns to be a healthy option.


After we have reused the plastic as many times as we can and are ready to dispose of it, choose the recycling container instead of the trash. Recycling consumes lesser energy than it takes to make plastics from raw materials.If we recycle plastics, we will not need to burn it down as trash and can breathe fresh air.

We have the ability to overcome many problems created by ourselves, the most important one should be plastic pollution. But if we ignore this issue, it will be at a great and irreversible cost.The Government of India has taken measures like Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan or Clean India Mission to clean up the streets, roads and infrastructure of India’s cities, towns of urban and rural areas for the period 2014 to 2019 which was successful nationwide. So, I would like to conclude this topic by stating that, with a little planning, commitment, and effort, it’s easy to make steps towards reducing our carbon footprint. Reuse any plastic that we have already acquired, and recycle used plastic to keep it out of the waste stream and reduce demand for new plastic. Each one of us taking these simple steps can help reduce plastic pollution and keep our planet clean and healthy for future generations.

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