‘So much joy’: Brazil holds first carnival since COVID-19
Rio de Janeiro's carnival, a glittering, sequin-studded festival of the flesh, exploded back to life on Friday with the first famed samba school parades since COVID-19 hit Brazil.
Shaking the ground in time to the beat, a sparkling sea of dancers, drummers and multi-story floats reclaimed the "Sambadrome," the iconic beach city's carnival parade venue, which had been turned into a drive-through vaccination centre at the height of the health crisis.
The all-night parades by the city's top samba schools on Friday and Saturday are the first since February 2020, marking a turning point for Brazil, where COVID-19 has claimed more than 660,000 lives — second only to the United States.
"I'm just so happy. I think a lot of people are going to cry... including me," said geography teacher Ana Vieira, 48, who was wearing a giant, glistening white costume to parade for samba school Imperatriz.
"You can see the happiness on people's faces after two long years."
The festivities were hit by tragedy, however, when an 11-year-old girl died after being injured in a float accident during a lower-level samba school parade contest on Wednesday.
The pandemic had left Brazilians full of "saudades" — Portuguese for "longing" — for carnival, a free-for-all of dancing, singing and partying that is essentially the opposite of social distancing.
"I couldn't sleep last night, I was so excited," said Rita Marcelino, a 62-year-old domestic worker who was dancing frenetically as she waited to parade -- a moment of catharsis after losing her job and "many" loved ones to the pandemic.
There were concerns the carnival would be axed again this year, after Rio authorities cancelled it in 2021 and then postponed this edition by two months, wary of the Omicron variant.
But with more than 75 per cent of Brazil's 213 million people now fully vaccinated, the average weekly COVID-19 death toll has plunged from more than 3,000 a year ago to around 100 -- allowing the show to go on.
All participants and the 75,000 attendees expected each night are required to present proof of vaccination.
'Two years of darkness'
Each group in the competition has 60 to 70 minutes to tell a story in music and dance, evaluated on nine criteria by the jury.
The reigning champions, Viradouro, paid tribute to Rio's epic 1919 carnival — the first celebrated after the devastation of another pandemic, the Spanish flu.
"No sadness can withstand so much joy," goes their samba theme song.
"It's a love letter to a carnival... (about) coming back from a health crisis, taking off our masks and coming out stronger than we were before," said US expatriate Leslie Mercado, 48, at the parade finish line, after being extracted by crane from the top of a giant crystalline float that looked like a shimmering chandelier.
Other schools picked themes charged with social messages, with Brazil facing divisive elections in October expected to pit far-right President Jair Bolsonaro against leftist ex-leader Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva.
Of the 12 schools, eight chose themes dealing with racial injustice or Afro-Brazilian culture and history, loaded issues in a country where the current president has faced frequent accusations of racism.
"Brazil still suffers from racism. Nothing has changed. Slums, hunger, poverty... they have a colour here: black," said Aristoteles Silva, 52, parading as a warrior for samba school Salgueiro, whose theme song was an anti-racist anthem entitled "Resistance."
"I'm hoping the election will bring a total change."
The carnival should also provide some needed relief for the pandemic-battered economy.
Beyond the swirl of floats, feathers and barely covered flesh, the carnival is big business, moving an estimated four billion reais ($800 million) and creating at least 45,000 jobs.
But street vendor Maria Vitoria Souza, 18, who was selling drinks outside the parades, said sales "could have been better."
"The carnival's still not back 100 per cent, because there are no 'blocos'" — massive carnival street parties, which city authorities nixed this year.
Participants were just happy the party was on.
"We've had two years of so much darkness in the world," said Latino Suarez, 45, who traveled from Sao Paulo to parade.
"Brazil without carnival isn't Brazil. It's part of who we are."