Who is Angelo Moriondo, 'godfather of espresso machines' honoured by Google Doodle?
Google celebrates the 171st birth anniversary of inventor Angelo Moriondo with an artistic doodle. Moriondo was considered as the godfather of espresso machines. He was credited for patenting the earliest known espresso machine in 1884. The doodle features a GIF of the first known expresso machine and was created by guest artist Olivia When. It was painted with coffee.
Moriondo was born on June 6, 1851, in Turin, Italy to a family of entrepreneurs. Moriondo's grandfather founded a liquor production company. Moriondo's father then handled the company. Later, he himself built the popular chocolate company, “Moriondo and Gariglio” alongside his brother and cousin.
Moriondo purchased two establishments: the Grand-Hotel Ligure in the city-center Piazza Carlo Felice and the American Bar in the Galleria Nazionale of Via Roma. Coffee was popular in Italy during Morindo's time. However, customers faced inconvenience as they had to spend time waiting for the coffee to brew.
"Moriondo figured that making multiple cups of coffee at once would allow him to serve more customers at a faster pace, giving him an edge over his competitors," Google said. Moriondo presented his espresso machine at the General Expo of Turin in 1884 after directly supervising a mechanic he enlisted to build his invention. It was awarded the bronze medal at the General Expo.
The machine consisted of a large boiler that pushed heated water through a bed of coffee grounds, with a second boiler producing steam that would flash the bed of coffee and complete the brew. The invention was then confirmed by an international patent after being registered in Paris on October 23, 1885.
Moriondo received a patent titled, "New steam machinery for the economic and instantaneous confection of coffee beverage, method ‘A. Moriondo’." Moriondo continued to improve and patent his invention in the following years.